Expert: Dra Almudena Martínez

What is a root canal?

Root canal is the treatment indicated when there is a irreversible inflammation or infection of the tooth´s nerve. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue which have to be removed when inflamed or infected.

Each tooth has in it´s inside a number of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue organized forming root canals which should be totally removed when the root canal treatment is performed. Depending on the tooth that is treated the number of root canals differs.

When a root canal is performed the appearance of your tooth will not change and on the other hand your pain will go away.

When do I need a root canal?

This treatment is performed due to acute and chronic pulpits to relief the pain and also as preventive treatment when a restorative treatment will be performed in the near future.

The need of a root canal therapy can have a variety of causes: deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, faulty crowns, or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, trauma to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, the pulp turns necrotic and it can cause pain an abscess which is usually located 10mm apical to the affected tooth


Will I feel pain with this treatment?

Root canals are performed under local anesthetics, you will not feel any pain at all during the treatment. Sometimes you can feel some discomfort the day after the treatment although with some analgesic treatment everything will be fine.


Does a root canal guarantee my tooth will survive?

An endodontic treated tooth suffers a severe weakness of its structure that could lead to a fracture on a long term basis so sometimes you will be recommended to perform a cusp covering with a crown or onlay